Conservation in northern Kenya: conflicts over community land in the pastoral margins

By Mohamed Noor, PASTRES Affiliate researcher

With growing economic, environmental, and conservation pressures, it is imperative that the question of community land ownership in the pastoral areas of northern Kenya be addressed; otherwise, chaos and conflict will likely ensue.  Land ownership is a core concern of politics in Kenya, and conservation organisations are soliciting political favours to propagate their conceptualisation of conservancies within pastoral lands.

Continue reading “Conservation in northern Kenya: conflicts over community land in the pastoral margins”

Herding through uncertainties – regional perspectives

Pastoral shepherds and herders are typically skilled in dealing with and living through the vagaries of climate and managing the scarcity of pasture. The ecological uncertainties that typically inform pastoral strategies have been deeply reconfigured in recent times by the integration of pastoral territories and societies into the wider societal framework. The market and changes in governance institutions hold growing roles in determining pastoralists’ livelihoods, contributing to new risks, challenges and opportunities.

Continue reading “Herding through uncertainties – regional perspectives”

Herding through uncertainties – principles and practices

What are principles that inspire pastoralists in adapting to uncertainties? What practices in turn shape their livelihoods? Can we learn from these for addressing wider societal challenges? These are the questions addressed by a just-published literature review carried out under the PASTRES research programme.

Continue reading “Herding through uncertainties – principles and practices”

Anthropologists discuss the fast-changing face of pastoralism

By Mathilde Gingembre, PASTRES Affiliate researcher

Half-way between the European capitals of Warsaw and Berlin, the beautiful Polish city of Poznan recently hosted the annual IUAES (International Union of Anthropological and Ethnographic Studies) conference. This year’s conference revolved around world solidarities, looking at the role of anthropology in exploring and reviving solidarities in a global context marked by the rise of exclusionist ideologies.

Continue reading “Anthropologists discuss the fast-changing face of pastoralism”

Pastoral Mobilities Methodologies: Exploring Frameworks and Methods

Authors: Greta Semplici, Ariell Ahearn, Jill Blau, Linda Pappagallo, Natasha Maru and Giulia Gonzales

Between the 18th and the 21st of June 2019, the Adventist University of Friedensau in Germany welcomed twenty-one researchers from Italy, Germany, Oman, Namibia, the Netherlands, the USA, and Britain in their peaceful and wooded sanctuary for a writing workshop.

Continue reading “Pastoral Mobilities Methodologies: Exploring Frameworks and Methods”

Sheep farming in Wales: confronting uncertainties from foot-and-mouth to Brexit

The PASTRES team recently visited South Wales to learn about sheep farming in the UK. We were hosted by former IDS colleague and pastoralism expert, Jeremy Swift, and had extended discussions in his amazing garden, as well as meeting some of his sheep-farming neighbours.

Sheep were all over the news when we visited: Boris Johnson had just visited nearby Brecon to fight a by-election, while sheep farmers warned of ‘civil unrest’ if no-deal Brexit was pursued. News reports suggested that sheep farming would be wiped out by a no-deal Brexit due to lack of free trade with the rest of Europe. Uncertainties were on everyone’s lips.

Continue reading “Sheep farming in Wales: confronting uncertainties from foot-and-mouth to Brexit”

Catch-up with the work of the PASTRES project

The PASTRES team has been very busy over the past months, preparing for the fieldwork phase. The PhD student group presented their research outlines to an invited audience – both at IDS in Sussex and online – to much acclaim! They are now revising their plans in the light of comments and heading to the field during August and September. For the coming year, the PASTRES team will be spread out over several continents – in Sardinia, Tunisia, Ethiopia, Kenya, India and China. Look out for profiles of the students’ projects on this blog in September/October, and more news from the field sites in the coming months.

Continue reading “Catch-up with the work of the PASTRES project”

Pastoralism in the Arabian Peninsula – Reflections on Contemporary Challenges and Adaptations to Land Use Rights

Nomadic pastoralism in the Arabian Peninsula has undergone significant change over the past 150 years as a response to alterations in its relationship with central authority.  Efforts to settle and transform pastoralists into settled farmers – a key policy of Post WWI neo-colonial and later newly emerging nation states – has largely disappeared. Instead, we see concentrated drives to label such communities as backward, economically irrational, and obsolete.  More recently, a policy of ‘benign’ neglect has permitted pastoral communities in Arabia to adapt, resist and face new challenges from multinational extractive industry, global conservation organizations, and climate change. You can watch the video of this seminar organised by PASTRES at IDS on 11th June 2019 below.

Continue reading “Pastoralism in the Arabian Peninsula – Reflections on Contemporary Challenges and Adaptations to Land Use Rights”

Herders for hire

All over pastoral regions, an increasing presence of hired herders or shepherds is reported. Hiring herding labour to take care of the livestock of wealthier households is not new; this phenomenon is, however, intensifying across pastoral settings. The shift from household labour to an external, salaried workforce in herding activities is reshaping pastoralists’ responses to uncertainties.

Continue reading “Herders for hire”